Regardless of indication, Adderall should be adjusted depending on age of the patient, other medical conditions that the patient may have and other medications that the patient may be currently taking.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Adderall is not recommended for children age under 3 years. For children age from 3 to 5 years, the initial dose is 2.5 mg daily, the dose may be increased by 2.5 mg every week until optimal response is obtained. For children age more than 6 years, Adderall should be started at 5 mg once or twice daily, the dose may be increased by 5 mg every week until optimal response is obtained. The maximum dose of Adderall should not exceed 40 mg daily.
Adderall administration should be interrupted occasionally to determine if there is a recurrence of behavioral symptoms sufficient to continued therapy.
The dose is usually 5 mg to 60 mg in 2 to 3 divided doses depending on the patient response. For children age more than 12 years, the initial dose should be 10 mg daily, the dose may be increased by 10 mg every week if needed.
For children age from 6 to 12 years, the initial dose should be 5 mg daily, the dose may be increased by 5 mg every week if needed.
Narcolepsy rarely occurs in children under 12 years; however, if it occurs, dextroamphetamine sulphate may be used.
General Adderall Dosage Information
The first dose should be given on awakening. If Adderall is given 2 or 3 times daily, the next doses should be given at 4 to 6 hours interval.
If you forget to take a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next scheduled dose, skip the missed one and continue with your regular schedule.
Don’t take a double dose of Adderall as this may harm your health.
Taking Adderall late in the evening can cause insomnia and other sleep disorders.
Swallow the Adderall capsule as a whole. Chewing breaking, or opening the capsule may cause excessive release of the drug at one time.
Avoid taking vitamin C or drinking fruit juices with Adderall as this can reduce the drug absorption.
What Is Adderall?
Adderall is a brand name of a mood-elevating medication composed of four amphetamine salts, amphetamine aspartate, amphetamine sulphate, dextroamphetamine saccharate and dextroamphetamine sulfate. Adderall works by increasing level of dopamine and norepinephrine (chemical substances in the brain responsible for elevation of mood and feeling of alertness).
Adderall has been approved in the United States by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. ADHD is a neurological disorder affecting children before 7 years and characterized by inappropriate behavior, including hyperactivity, poor attention skills and impulsivity. Disorders of self esteem and social skills may also occur. Adderall has been shown to reduce or improve the symptoms of ADHD.
Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), even after enough night time sleep, sleep paralysis (temporary inability to talk or move while falling a sleep, or upon walking), hypnagogic hallucinations (vivid dream-like hallucinations that occur as the patient is falling asleep, or upon waking) and cataplexy (sudden loss of muscle tone often triggered by intense emotional stimuli, such as anger, laughter, or surprise and can lead to slurred speech, temporary paralysis, or collapse in posture). The above mentioned symptoms of narcolepsy are often referred to as the “tetrad of narcolepsy”.
Adderall has not been approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of narcolepsy but is sometimes used off label to prevent sudden sleep episodes and drowsiness associated with this condition.